Census Records

Ancestry $ or access at local library or Family History Center  Complete collection of US census records and census substitutes for missing 1890 records

Familysearch $ Indexes for the entire U.S. census, images may require partner site membership

Heritagequest  Complete collection of Ancestry.com U.S. Census records available at home with Kitsap Regional Library card. Click on Research>Genealogy>Heritage Quest>Search Census Records. Dollarhide’s Census Map Guide showing how each State’s counties changed over time is also available in Maps

FindMyPast US Census $  Complete United States Federal Census

MyHeritage $  Complete United States Federal Census

1940 United States Federal Census at NARA  includes where living in 1935 and total wages in 1939

1940 United States Federal Census on Ancestry

1940 United States Federal Census on FamilySearch

1940 United States Federal Census on FindMyPast  provides notification once the records you’re searching for are indexed, free registration required

1940 United States Federal Census on MyHeritage  1940 US federal census

Unified 1940 Census ED Finder  Steve Morse’s tool for finding the Enumeration District for a 1940 location in one step

Direct Me NYC 1940  New York Public Library’s Tool to help you find NewYork City relatives in the 1940 census

Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000  U.S. Census Bureau publication with a complete description of the exact instructions to the census takers for each census year

Historical Census Browser  from the University of Virginia, selected U.S. federal census data from 1790 through 1960, allowing you to produce tables and maps for state and county by topic

Census Online  links to online census records for the US, Canada, England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales

Censusfinder  census records directory, many countries including US, England, Canada, Ireland, Scotland

United States Enumeration District Maps for the Twelfth through the Sixteenth US Censuses, 1900-1940

Familysearch Labs  US census images for 1850 (including mortality and slave schedules), 1860, 1880, 1900, a few state census records, some international census records.

Population Census Items  List of items included in the US federal census for each year (scroll to page 3)

Census Maps  Maps of US states by census year, showing the formation of states and counties

Census Timeline Worksheet from CensusMate  Census worksheet in timeline format

Census Tools $  Spreadsheets for census data, inludes all years for U.S. census, international census, state census and more

FindMyPast $ or access at any Family History Center)  Complete collection of US and UK census records
See specific Places for more census records.

Special Census Records (US “Nonpopulation” Schedules)

NARA Nonpopulation Microfilm List by State
Mortality Schedules  from the US federal census and some state censuses between 1850 and 1900, are a good source to find out causes and dates of death
NARA Microfilm Catalog
NARA Nonpopulation Census Records Information on Agricultural, Manufacturing, Social Statistics and Business Schedules with Microfilm List

Agriculture Schedules taken from 1850 to 1890, useful with land and tax recordsto find location of land

Ancestry  Search card catalog with keywords Agriculture and South Carolina.
Family History Library  Search catalog with keywords agriculture, agriculture 1850.
NARA Microfilm Catalog
NARA Nonpopulation Microfilm List by State

Defective, Dependent & Delinquent (DDD) Schedules taken from 1830 to 1880, separate schedule in 1880, included insane, idiots, deaf-mutes, blind, homeless children and paupers and indigents who were inhabitants of institutions or boarded at public expense in private homes.

Ancestry  Search card catalog with keywords defective, dependent, delinquent.
Family History Library  Search catalog with keywords defective, dependent, delinquent. Availability varies by state.
NARA Nonpopulation Census Records

Indian Schedules “Indian” added to census in 1860. Indians were counted as whites in white community or black in black community before 1860. Indian schedules are usually at the end of the enumeration district.

Ancestry  Search card catalog with keyword Indian to find “US Census Schedules 1885-1940”.
Family History Library Search catalog with place United States, Subject Census or Keyword Native American Census.
NARA Microfilm Catalog  Search for keyword “Indian Census Rolls”. Films include M595A-M595D, M1791: Schedules of Special Census of the Indian (1880) and A1154: Non-population schedules of Washington Territory for 1860-1880.
NARA Federal Population Census 1790-1890  Information on US Federal Census and Microfilm

Manufacturing or Industry Schedules taken in 1810, 1820, 1840-1880 and 1890, usually lists the owner of the company.

Ancestry  Search card catalog with title or keyword manufacturing.
Family History Library  Search catalog with keywords manufactures, manufacturing, industry.
NARA Microfilm Catalog  Search for keywords manufacture, manufacturing, industry, non-population, nonpopulation.
NARA Nonpopulation Microfilm List by State

Mortality Schedules taken from 1850 to 1880 and 1885 in the US and in Minnesota in 1900 (but not available.) Records of deaths for one year prior to June 1 of the census year for both people who lived in the district but died elsewhere and people who died in the district but lived elsewhere. Not always complete. This may be the only source for an individual’s death.

Ancestry  Search card catalog with keyword mortality to see the US Federal Census Mortality Schedules.
Ancestry Census Page Search
Family History Library  Search catalog with different searches.
NARA Microfilm Catalog
NARA Nonpopulation Microfilm List by State
Census Online  Transcriptions of US Federal Census Mortality Schedules
Genealogy Trails  Transcriptions of US Federal Census Mortality Schedules and Headstones of Union Civil War veterans 1879-1903
US Census  Transcriptions of US Federal Census Mortality Schedules

Slave Schedules taken from 1790 to 1860, used to allot seats in Congress and to estimate the value of slave “property”. Slaves names usually aren’t listed. There’s nothing in the population schedule to indicate slave ownershop so look at value of real estate and personal property, neighbors and occupation.

Ancestry Census Page Search  Slaves are listed with regular population schedules.
Census Online  Transcriptions of US Federal Census Schedules
Family History Library  Search catalog with keyword slave schedule. Go to state census and look at the end of the list of films for the slave schedules
NARA Microfilm Catalog
NARA Nonpopulation Microfilm List by State

Social Statistics Schedules Taken from 1850 to 1870 and 1885, used to gather statistics on wealth, public debt, taxes, schools, libraries, newspapers, churches, wages, paupers and criminals. There is no information on individuals but this is a good place to find out what newpapers were published in a specific area.

Ancestry  Search card catalog with keyword nonpopulation.
Family History Library  Search catalog with keyword “social statistics”.
NARA

Veterans and Widows Schedules The 1840 population census lists names and ages of pensioners, most from the Revolutionary War. The 1890 census had a special schedule for those who served in the Civil War or their widows. It’s not searchable though. The 1910 census lists males over 50 who were survivors of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. The 1930 population census lists males over 21 who were veterans and the war or expedition they served in.

Ancestry  Search card catalog with keyword veterans, veterans census, veterans schedule, 1890 veterans or confederate.
Family History Library  Search catalog with title “Union Veterans and Widows”, “Confederate Soldiers” or keyword veterans, “confederate soldiers”, “Union Veterans”, “Confederate soldiers”.
NARA Microfilm Catalog
NARA Nonpopulation Microfilm List by State
NARA Federal Population Census 1790-1890  Information on US Federal Census and Microfilm